The Lockheed Case - International Business or Bribery? (Aus der Reihe: stipendiaten-wissen)-

  • Title: The Lockheed Case - International Business or Bribery? (Aus der Reihe: stipendiaten-wissen)
  • Author:
  • Released: 2012-08-02
  • Language:
  • Pages: 28
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  • ASIN: B00C7RO0Z0


Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Business Ethics, Corporate Ethics, grade: A, Union Graduate College, course: Managing Ethically in a Global Environment, language: English, abstract: “When in Rome, do as the Romans do” [1] is a saying that exists in many cultures all over the world. Although it is very old – it can be traced all the way back to the days of St. Ambrose in the fourth century – it briefly describes on of the major challenges companies face in today’s globalized economy. Should they follow a universal code of business behavior or adapt to the customs in a particular country. A classic case for this question is the Lockheed Case. In the early 1970s Lockheed had serious economic problems. Facing bankruptcy it secured a government loan of $250 million in 1970. In 1972 and 1973, briberies of the Japanese government were revealed. It turned out that the President of Lockheed, A. Carl Kotchian, authorized secret payments of $12 million to representatives of the Japanese Prime Minister, Kukeo Tanaka, to secure sales contracts in the Japanese aircraft market. As a result, both Prime Minister Tanaka and CEO Kotchian had to resign. Lockheed’s contracts in Japan were cancelled. A consequence of these incidents is the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1997 that prohibits American corporations making payments to foreign governments to advance their business interests. In this paper, I will discuss certain topics related to this case and show, why Kotchian did not exhibit ethical behavior in his role as President of Lockheed. pdf
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